Main Article Content
Background: In the last decade, there are various methods of bone grafting in plastic surgery. Cancellous bone is more often used as bone graft than cortical bone due to its high osteoconductivity and osteogenic capability. The synthetic materials for bone graft such as tricalcium phospate (TCP) and hydroxy-apatite can be use as new alternative for bone grafting surgery.
Methods: The PubMed® databases were searched using the terms: ‘bone graft OR bone grafting’ AND ‘cancellous bone OR iliac crest OR tibia’ AND ‘tricalcium phospate OR tricalciumphospate OR tri calcium phospate’, restricted to English language, and to a publication period from January 2010 to January 2017. The inclusion criteria were any kind of research paper that compared the utility of TCP synthetic graft and autograft as a bone graft.
Results: Out of 139 selected studies, only 8 met the inclusion criteria. In 6 publications TCP graft has similar outcome and in 1 publication have a better result in reducing post operative complication.
Conclusion: TCP graft can be used as substitution for autograft in particular clinical conditions and surgical methods.
Creative Commons license
Articles opting for open access will be freely available to read, download and share from the time of publication. All open access articles (with the exception of the Research Councils UK funded papers) are published under the terms of the Creative Commons License Attribution-Noncommercial No Derivative 3.0 (CCBY NCND) which allows readers to disseminate and reuse the article, as well as share and reuse of the scientific material. It does not permit commercial exploitation or the creation of derivative works without specific permission. To view a copy of this license visit:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0. Authors who are funded by the Research Councils UK and wish to publish their article as open access will be able to publish under the terms of the Attribution 3.0 (CCBY) License. To view of a copy of this license visit:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/.