Main Article Content
Background: The hematopoietic growth factor erythropoietin (EPO) attracts attention due to its all-tissue-protective pleiotropic properties. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of EPO in experimental burn wounds healing.
Methods: Fifteen healthy Sprague-Dawley, strain of Rattus Novergicus weighing 300-350 grams, were prepared to achieve deep dermal burns. Animals were randomized to receive either low-dose EPO injection (600 IU/mL), high-dose EPO injection (3000 IU/mL) or nothing (control group). After 14 days of observations, quantitative and qualitative assessments of wound healing was determined.
Results: The size of the wound area and re-epithelialization rate percentage was determined on Day-0, Day-5, Day-10, and Day-14. The average of raw surface areas measurement (p value: 0.012 in day-5; 0.009 in day-10 and 0.000 in day-14) and healing percentage of the lesions (p value: 0.011 in day-5; 0.016 in day-10 and 0.010 in day-14) were significantly best in the low-dose EPO grup compared to the control group and high-dose EPO grup. The histopathology evaluation revealed that the highest score for for re-epithelialization, granulation tissue and neo-angiogenesis were achieved by the low-dose EPO injection group than in both control and high-dose EPO injection groups.
Conclusion: In this animal study using Sprague-Dawley rats, Recombinant Human EPO (rHuEPO) injection administration prompted the evidences of improved re-epithelialization and wound healing process of the skin caused by deep dermal burns. These findings may lead to a new therapeutic approach to improve the clinical outcomes for the management of burns wound healing.
Authors retain the copyright of the article and grant Jurnal Plastik Rekonstruksi the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License. Articles opting for open access will be immediately available and permanently free for everyone to read, download and share from the time of publication. All open access articles are published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-commercial-NoDerivatives (CC BY-NC-ND) which allows readers to disseminate and reuse the article, as well as share and reuse of the scientific material. It does not permit commercial exploitation or the creation of derivative works without specific permission.