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Prasetyanugraheni Kreshanti
Livia Faranita Gianni

Abstract





Background: Zygomaticomaxillary complex plays a key role in the structure, function, and aesthetic appearance of the facial skeleton. Using Carroll Girard T-bar screw allows easy manipulation of the zygomaticomaxillary complex fracture. The goal of the treatment is three dimensional (3-D) restoration of the disturbed anatomy.


Methods: After exposing the fracture sites using technique such as lower eyelid, Dingman (lateral brow) or maxillary vestibular approach, the Carroll Girard T-bar screw is then attached to the lateral aspect of the malar eminence to freely move the zygoma according to the x,y, and z axis. Zygomaticosphenoid suture acts as the anatomical landmark for adequate reduction.


Conclusion: Open reduction and internal fixation is the principle of management in displaced ZMC fractures, aided by the use of Carroll Girard T-bar screw which allows easy manipulation and rotation for the zygomatic bone using the reference axis x, y and z.





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How to Cite
1.
Kreshanti P, Gianni LF. Tetrapod Fracture: Surgical Anatomy Revisited As A Guide For 3D Reduction Using Carroll Girard T-Bar Screw. J Plast Rekons [Internet]. 2018Apr.10 [cited 2020Apr.9];4(1):82-7. Available from: https://www.jprjournal.com/index.php/jpr/article/view/219